A rapid growing legume that does well on a wide variety of soils either on its own or when planted with a companion crop. Common vetch is not hardseeded, meaning it is not likely to become a weed problem. It is used successfully as a cover crop, green manure, pasture, silage and hay. Common vetch can aid in weed suppression and fall nitrogen scavenging, and is an excellent choice for orchard/vineyard cover crops, a companion to cereal grains, and a cover crop in annual vegetable rotations. It is moderately resistant to cold and can tolerate short periods of saturated soil.
Also known as American Vetch, purple vetch makes excellent pasture, forage, green manure, and hay. It greatly improves soil fertility, structure, and organic matter, with practical application as a weed and disease break during crop rotations. Can also provide a good strategy for controlling resistant grass weeds. With a fast cool season growth, it can easily be grown with other legumes, cereals, or grasses.